The structure and the main content were derived from the HAL. Additionally, items of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire and the Activity Scale for
Kids were considered for inclusion. This version was evaluated by health professionals (n = 6), patients (n = 4), and parents (n = 3). A pilot test in a sample of 32 Dutch children was performed to assess score distribution, construct validity (Spearman’s rho) and reproducibility. Administration of the pedhal was feasible for children from the age of 4 years onwards. The pedhal scores of the Dutch children were in the high RG 7204 end of the scale, reflecting a good functional status. Most subscales showed moderate associations with the joint examination (rho = 0.42–0.63) and moderate-to-good associations with the physical function subscale of the CHQ-50 (rho = 0.48–0.74). No significant associations were found for the pedhal and the subscales mental health and behaviour, except for the subscales leisure and sport and mental health (rho = 0.47). Test–retest agreement was good. The pedhal is a promising tool, but further testing in populations
with a higher level of disability is warranted to study the full range of its psychometric properties. “
“In Australia prior to 1992, many patients with bleeding disorders were exposed to hepatitis C through blood products. However, the incidence, complications and response to treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in this population are poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to examine GS-1101 chemical structure the prevalence of CHC and response to treatment in an Australian bleeding disorders population. 上海皓元医药股份有限公司 Demographic data, virological data and liver disease status from these 700 patients with inherited
bleeding disorders were analysed. Of these 700 patients, 424 (61%) had been tested for CHC infection and 219 (52%) were hepatitis C antibody positive, with the prevalence approaching 100% in patients with severe bleeding disorders. Of 219 patients, 73 (33%) had received treatment for their infection with a response rate of 33/73 (45%) across all genotypes. Of 219 patients, 34 (16%) had spontaneous viral clearance. When measured with transient elastography, 44/98 (45%) patients with CHC had significant liver fibrosis and 15/98 (15%) had liver cirrhosis. Of 130 patients, 38 (29%) with CHC infection had no evidence of follow-up with an appropriate clinician in the past 2 years. This study demonstrates that testing for CHC in this population is incomplete and treatment rates are low. Given the substantial morbidity and mortality associated with CHC and new therapeutic options becoming available, it seems important to reengage patients to diagnose, offer treatment and monitor this infection. “
“Haemophilia patients with inhibitors require bypassing agents (BPA) like activated prothrombin complex concentrate (aPCC) and recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) to control bleeds.