(Endocr Pract 2012;18:317-324)”
“This study was designed

(Endocr Pract. 2012;18:317-324)”
“This study was designed

to determine the ideal Nocodazole concentration manner (schedule and duration) of intravesical chemotherapy using pirarubicin (THP). At first, T-24 cancer cells were treated with 50, 100, 150, and 200 mu g/ml THP for 10, 30 and 60 min. Following the first exposure, at various intervals (3, 6, 12, and 24 h), a second exposure to THP was performed under the same condition in vitro. The cell viability was measured by XTT assay. Further, the cells were scanned with a laser scanning cytometer (LSC) and DNA histograms were analyzed to evaluate the cell-cycle components. A single exposure of T-24 cells to THP resulted in significantly higher inhibition of cell growth for 30 min with 100 mu g/ml and higher concentrations of THP; for example, the cell viability

was reduced to 15, 2, and 0% by incubating cells with 100, 150, and 200 mu g/ml of THP, respectively, whereas it was 49% with 50 mu g/ml THP. Double exposure of T-24 cells to THP resulted in significantly higher inhibition of cell growth than single treatment at all intervals. LSC assay demonstrated a higher sub-G(1) peak after double treatment with THP when compared with that after a single treatment. Similar cytotoxic effects following double treatment with THP were observed on other bladder cancer cell lines (UMUC3, TCCSUP, 5637, and 253J cells) in vitro. In conclusion, the double short-term exposure to bladder cancer cells by THP Pictilisib mouse has more remarkable cytotoxic effects than the single exposure in vitro.”
“Background: Recent studies have shown that acute traumatic coagulopathy is associated with hypoperfusion, increased plasma levels of soluble thrombomodulin, and decreased levels of protein C but with no change in factor VII activity. These findings led to the hypothesis that acute traumatic coagulopathy is primarily due to systemic anticoagulation, by activated protein C, rather than decreases in serine

protease activity. This study was designed to examine the effect of hypoperfusion secondary to traumatic injury on the activity of coagulation factors.

Methods: Post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data on severely injured adult trauma MK-1775 nmr patients presenting to a single trauma center within 120 minutes of injury. Venous blood was analyzed for activity of factors II, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, and XI. Base deficit from arterial blood samples was used as a marker of hypoperfusion.

Results: Seventy-one patients were identified. The activity of factors II, V, VII, IX, X, and XI correlated negatively with base deficit, and after stratification into three groups, based on the severity of hypoperfusion, a statistically significant dose-related reduction in the activity of factors II, VII, IX, X, and XI was observed. Hypoperfusion is also associated with marked reductions in factor V activity levels, but these appear to be relatively independent of the degree of hypoperfusion.

Remoteness, as measured by the ARIA, is more important than dista

Remoteness, as measured by the ARIA, is more important than distance, in the risk of death.”
“Circumscribed palmar and plantar hypokeratosis (CPPH) is a recently described skin condition with particular clinical and histopathological findings. The etiopathogeny of CPPH is still unclear, but an abnormal clone of keratinocytes has been postulated as the possible origin. CPPH has been considered an entity with no potential malignant transformation, but recently, it has been recognized in association with signs of actinic keratosis in the same biopsy. CPPH has never been recognized in association with porokeratosis. Although Pifithrin-α solubility dmso these entities seem to be different, a possible relationship between them might be suggested.”

and Purpose: The 80-W potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) is a minimally invasive surgical option for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia, although evidence of long-term efficacy

is limited. We present the long-term outcomes from a heterogeneous patient population.

Patients and Methods: We prospectively collected data for all patients who underwent 80-W KTP laser PVP treatment between 2004 and 2005. Evaluation occurred pr-operatively, and then at 3, 6, 12, and 60 months postoperatively. This included International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), peak urinary flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual (PVR) volume, serum prostate-specific antigen measurement, and transrectal ultrasonography-estimated prostate volume.

Results: A total of

115 patients were eligible PF-4708671 mw for analysis, with a mean age of 77 years I-BET-762 mouse and mean prostate volume of 55.8 cc. Of these, 74% were operated on for lower urinary tract symptoms, 23% for acute urinary retention, and 3% for chronic retention; 30% of patients were American Society of Anesthesiologists score >= 3, and 93% were treated as 23-hour stays. No patients needed blood transfusion, and there were no cases of transurethral resection syndrome. An initial trial-without catheter failed in 11 (9.6%), although 8 of these successfully voided after a further week. At 5-year follow-up, mean Qmax improved from 8.0 +/- 5.0 mL to 13.9 +/- 7.7 mL and mean IPSS improved from 22 +/- 5 to 9 +/- 7. There were no cases of urethral strictures, but there was a 3.3% rate of bladder neck stenosis and an overall re-treatment rate of 21% over 5 years.

Conclusion: We confirm the long-term durability of the 80-W KTP laser PVP with minimal perioperative morbidity. It is therefore a safe option for high-risk patients with medical comorbidities, although its high reoperation rate may limit its use to this specific patient population.”
“The simultaneous inoculum of yeasts and bacteria is a feasible solution for improving fermentation in wines with a harsh chemical composition, capable of inhibiting microbial activity. Considering the risk of wine spoilage due to lactic bacteria, co-inoculum is suggested in white wines with a low pH.

In Experiment I, the dose of d-CLO had an effect (p=0 08) on the

In Experiment I, the dose of d-CLO had an effect (p=0.08) on the percentage of cows with full AZ 628 luteolysis, but not in Experiment II (p>0.1). More cows in Experiment II had full luteolysis than did cows of Experiment I (87% vs 58%, respectively; p=0.007). In Experiment III, 87.1%, 84.4% and 86.2% lactating dairy cows had full luteolysis and 37.8%, 36.8% and 36.1% of cows became pregnant after treatment with 500g d,l-CLO, 150 or 300g of d-CLO, respectively (p>0.05).”
“Using standard forms of immunoglobulin (Ig) G and albumin, we have studied electrophoretic and chromatographic profiles of samples of pharmaceutical blood biopreparation batches.

The usability of standard proteins was also demonstrated by testing analytical

characteristics of immunoperoxidase conjugates specific to human and animal IgG (anti-IgG IPC). In particular, we suggest an additional estimation of analytical characteristics of anti-IgG IPC by the enzyme reaction kinetics with the standard dilution which is calculated by the direct enzyme-liked immunoassay on the homologous IgG-antigen.”
“The aim of the present study was to assess, by light microscopy and histomorphometry, www.selleckchem.com/products/pd-1-pd-l1-inhibitor-2.html the repair of surgical fractures fixed with internal rigid fixation (IRF) treated or not with IR laser (lambda 780 nm, 50 mW, 4 x 4 J/cm(2) = 16 J/cm(2), I center dot = 0.5cm(2), CW) associated or not to the use of hydroxyapatite and guided bone regeneration. Surgical tibial fractures were created under general anesthesia on 15 rabbits that were divided into 5 groups, maintained on individual cages, at day/night cycle, fed with solid laboratory pelted diet, and had water ad libidum. The fractures in groups II, III, IV, and V were fixed with miniplates. Animals in groups III and V were grafted with hydroxyapatite and GBR technique used. Animals in groups IV and Bucladesine solubility dmso V were irradiated at every other day during

two weeks (4 x 4 J/cm(2), 16 J/cm(2) = 112 J/cm(2)). Observation time was that of 30 days. After animal death, specimens were taken, routinely processed to wax, cut and stained with HA and Sirius red, and used for histological assessment. The results of both analyses showed a better bone repair on all irradiated subjects especially when the biomaterial and GBR were used. In conclusion, the results of the present investigation are important clinically as they are suggestive that the association of hydroxyapatite, and laser light resulted in a positive and significant repair of complete tibial fractures treated with miniplates.”
“Congenital cholesteatoma may originate at various sites in the temporal bone. Congenital cholesteatoma of the mastoid origin shows a variable clinical presentation, although the least common site is the mastoid process. We report an extremely rare case of congenital cholesteatoma isolated to the mastoid presenting as stricture of the external auditory canal.

Discrepancies were discussed with a third reviewer and scored by<

Discrepancies were discussed with a third reviewer and scored by

consensus. Finally, a level of evidence approach was used to synthesize the results and study quality.

Results Our search strategy identified a total of 2,588 articles. Forty-six articles, reporting 79 unique studies, met inclusion criteria. Ten instruments quantifying mindfulness as a unidimensional scale (n = 5) or as a set of 2-5 subscales (n = 5) were reviewed. The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale was evaluated by the most studies (n = 27) and had positive overall quality ratings for most of the psychometric properties reviewed. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire received the highest possible rating (“”consistent findings in multiple studies of good methodological quality”") for two properties, internal consistency SHP099 and construct validation by hypothesis testing. However, none of the instruments had sufficient evidence of content validity. Comprehensiveness of construct coverage had not been assessed; qualitative methods to confirm understanding and

relevance were absent. In addition, estimates of test-retest reliability, responsiveness, or measurement error to guide users in protocol development or interpretation of scores were lacking.

Conclusions Current mindfulness scales have important conceptual differences, and none can be strongly recommended based solely on superior psychometric properties. Important limitations in the field are the absence of qualitative evaluations and accepted external referents to support construct validity. Investigators need to proceed cautiously before optimizing any mindfulness intervention based on the existing scales.”
“Semitransparent S63845 concentration Navitoclax datasheet composite films

were prepared made from TiO(2) nanotubes in chitosan (CS) matrix. Hydrothermally synthesized titanium nanotubes (TiNTs) were dispersed in chitosan matrix in order to produce film-forming solutions at 0.05 and 0.10% w/v. Structural, topological, optical and thermal properties of these films were evaluated. The antimicrobial activity of films against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, Escherichia coli (Gram-negatives) and Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive) was also investigated. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra showed effective site-selective interactions between chitosan and TiNTs. TiNTs prevented the degradation of films, avoiding the oxidization of the glucosamine ring. Characterizing techniques such as, Scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) line profile and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to examine the TiNTs dispersion within the film. The morphological analysis indicated that the TiNTs were well dispersed and became clustered proportionally to the weight percentage of TiNTs used in the composites. The UV-Vis spectra showed that TiNTs increased the film absorption in the UV region and the light barrier properties of films remained stable over the storage period.

The recommendations were developed using the European League Agai

The recommendations were developed using the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of early arthritis as a guide, along with local expert opinion. As significant joint damage occurs early in the course

of RA, initiating therapy early is key to minimizing JQ1 further damage and disability. Patients with serious disease or poor prognosis should receive early, aggressive therapy. Because of its good efficacy and safety profile, methotrexate is considered the standard first-line DMARD for most treatment-na < ve RA patients. Patients with a suboptimal response to methotrexate monotherapy should receive step-up (combination) therapy with either the synthetic or biologic DMARDs. In recent years, combinations of methotrexate with tocilizumab, abatacept, or rituximab have emerged as effective therapies in patients who are unresponsive to traditional DMARDs or the anti-tumor necrosis

factor (TNF)-alpha agents. As biologic agents can increase the risk of infections such as tuberculosis and reactivation of viral hepatitis, screening for the presence of latent tuberculosis and chronic viral hepatitis carrier state is recommended before initiating therapy.”
“Introduction: Rate smoothing algorithms, while known to help prevent ventricular tachyarrhythmias in some patients, have been shown to result in underdetection of ventricular tachycardia (VT) due to interaction NVP-HSP990 mouse between bradycardia pacing and tachycardia detection parameters. A new algorithm named Bradycardia Tachycardia Response (BTR)

has been developed in order to prevent rate smoothing-induced underdetection. The efficacy of BTR is not known. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of BTR in preventing VT underdetection due to rate smoothing. Methods and Results: Two ICD models (TELIGEN and VITALITY AVT, Boston Scientific, St. Paul, MN, USA) bearing Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Library research buy identical rate smoothing algorithms were connected to a VT simulator. Devices were programmed similarly except for the BTR feature that exists in TELIGEN only. The detection performance of both devices was tested using varying combinations of AV delay, rate smoothing down, and upper rate limit and compared between the two models. VT underdetection (delay or nondetection) occurred during pacing in 62% of the VT episodes with VITALITY AVT. In TELIGEN, all simulated VT episodes were detected appropriately as soon as their rates exceeded the programmed VT detection rate. Detection tended to be affected by higher upper rate, longer AV delays, and more aggressive rate smoothing. Conclusion: The BTR algorithm effectively counteracts VT detection delay caused by the interaction of rate smoothing with VT detection parameters, thus enabling safe use of the rate smoothing feature.

A 30-year-old G(2) P(1+0+0+1) was referred at 30 weeks of pregnan

A 30-year-old G(2) P(1+0+0+1) was referred at 30 weeks of pregnancy with an ultrasound diagnosis of a large multicystic ovarian cyst with no solid areas, ascites or evidence of metastasis. Antenatal corticosteroid was administered and she was advised to follow-up with reports of tumor markers. She presented a week later with acute pain abdomen and breathlessness. Clinical

examination revealed a relaxed uterus and ultrasound was suggestive of rupture of the ovarian cyst. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a ruptured left mucinous ovarian cyst with no evidence of solid areas or metastasis. Left ovariotomy with infracolic omentectomy and concurrent cesarean section was done. A healthy male baby of weight 1.880 kg was delivered. Belnacasan clinical trial Histopathology revealed stage-1c mucinous cyst adenocarcinoma of left ovary. This was followed-up, with a complete surgery done after a month. She is now receiving postoperative chemotherapy.

This is the first reported case of a ruptured malignant ovarian tumor in pregnancy. Torsion or rupture of ovarian masses is an important differential diagnosis of abdominal or pelvic pain during pregnancy.”
“Background: Malaria is the leading cause of

morbidity and mortality in post-conflict Burundi. To counter the increasing challenge of anti-malarial drug resistance and improve highly effective treatment Burundi adopted artesunate-amodiaquine (AS-AQ) as first-line treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria and oral quinine as second-line treatment in its national treatment policy in 2003. Uptake of this policy in the public, private Bucladesine supplier and non-governmental (NGO) retail selleck screening library market sectors of Burundi is relatively unknown. This study was conducted

to evaluate access to national policy recommended anti-malarials.

Methods: Adapting a standardized methodology developed by Health Action International/World Health Organization (HAI/WHO), a cross-sectional survey of 70 (24 public, 36 private, and 10 NGO) medicine outlets was conducted in three regions of Burundi, representing different levels of transmission of malaria. The availability on day of the survey, the median prices, and affordability (in terms of number of days’ wages to purchase treatment) of AS-AQ, quinine and other anti-malarials were calculated.

Results: Anti-malarials were stocked in all outlets surveyed. AS-AQ was available in 87.5%, 33.3%, and 90% of public, private, and NGO retail outlets, respectively. Quinine was the most common anti-malarial found in all outlet types. Non-policy recommended anti-malarials were mainly found in the private outlets (38.9%) compared to public (4.2%) and NGO (0%) outlets. The median price of a course of AS-AQ was US$0.16 (200 Burundi Francs, FBu) for the public and NGO markets, and 3.5-fold higher in the private sector (US$0.56 or 700 FBu). Quinine tablets were similarly priced in the public (US$1.

The somatostatin group included ANP rats treated with somatostati

The somatostatin group included ANP rats treated with somatostatin. The glucocorticoids group contained ANP rats treated with glucocorticoids. At 3, 6 and 12 hours after the induction of taurocholate, selleck chemicals llc blood samples were collected for TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta and amylase assays, and lung and pancreas tissues were harvested for histopathological study and edema evaluation. Results: Tacrolimus administered

prior to the induction of ANP and immediately after the induction of ANP caused a significant decrease in the twenty two-hour mortality rate (p<0.05). However, tacrolimus did not decrease the mortality rate when administered one hour after the induction of ANP (p>0.05). Treatment with all three drugs (tacrolimus, somatostatin and glucocorticoids) resulted in a significant decrease of serum amylase, lung edema, and serum TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta levels. Pancreatic and pulmonary morphological alterations were improved. Conclusions: Tancrolimus can decrease pancreatic and pulmonary injury. The effect of tacrolimus treatment is the same as that of somatostain and glucocroticoids. SRT1720 It is also more effective to administer the drug earlier.”
“We enrolled nine consecutive patients affected by newly diagnosed polymyalgia

rheumatica and decompensated diabetes mellitus. All patients were treated with etanercept (25 mg twice weekly) and prednisone and were followed up to 1 year. At the sixth-month follow-up, etanercept and prednisone were withdrawn. Patients were seen at regular intervals (days 0, 30, 60, 90, 150, 180) and the following variables determined: erythrocytes sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, fasting serum glucose, RepSox price pain measured by visual analog scale, and the Health Assessment Questionnaire. Our results indicate that etanercept might have some steroid-sparing effects, but controlled investigations are needed to support etanercept use in clinical practice

for this kind of patients.”
“Hard and refractory particles with various shapes have been added to ceramic materials to enhance creep resistance. Also, many of the particles in food emulsions, magnetic particle suspensions, and other industrial systems may have nonspherical shapes. Hence, it is important to understand the effects of particle shape on the viscosity of suspensions. While the shape of many particles can be approximated as prolate or oblate spheroids, the purpose of the present study is to model the effective viscosity of semidilute suspensions of rigid ellipsoids. Closed-form expressions are obtained; however, their formulations are formidable. For the special cases of rodlike or disklike particles, simple closed-form expressions can be obtained. The present solutions are compared with existing solutions.

It also provides

It also provides Dibutyryl-cAMP datasheet organ-specific quantificative information about female pelvic organ prolapse-information that usually can only be inferred by means of physical examination. The application of functional radiography to the assessment of defecatory disorders and pelvic organ prolapse has highlighted the limitations of physical examination. It has become clear that pelvic floor disorders rarely occur in isolation and that global pelvic floor assessment is necessary. Despite the advances in other

imaging methods, DCP has remained a practical, cost-effective procedure for the evaluation of anorectal and pelvic floor dysfunction. In this article, the authors describe the technique they use when performing DCP, define the radiographic criteria used for diagnosis, and discuss the limitations and clinical utility of DCP. (C) RSNA, 2011″
“Study Design. A measurement reliability study.

Objective. To develop quantitative measures for Modic changes (MCs) on magnetic resonance (MR) images and evaluate measurement reliability.

Summary of Background Data. MCs have been studied for more than 20 years but the clinical significance remains

controversial. Little effort has been made to improve the measurement of MCs.

Methods. The study was approved by the responsible institutional review board. On the basis of Modic classification, a series of quantitative dimension and signal intensity measures were developed for assessing MCs. Midsagittal T1- and T2-weighted MR images from PFTα cell line 83 lumbar spines were then qualitatively and quantitatively assessed by two observers independently. Kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used to examine intra-and inter-rater reliability. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess the relationships between the quantitative measurements of MCs. Mean absolute deviation (MAD) and Bland-Altman plots also were used to evaluate measurement errors and limits of agreement for selected measures.

Results. For Modic classification,

intrarater agreement was excellent (kappa = 0.88) and inter-rater agreement was substantial (kappa = 0.79). Intrarater buy Luminespib agreement also was excellent when obtaining dimension measurements (ICC = 0.82-0.96) from T1- or T2-weighted images and inter-rater agreement was slightly greater using T1-weighted images (ICC = 0.73-0.88) than T2-weighted images (ICC = 0.66-0.82). Signal intensity measurements on T2-weighted images were found to have almost perfect intra-and inter-rater reliability (ICC = 0.92-0.99). The correlation analysis demonstrated that the quantitative measures represent different constructs. The MAD and Bland-Altman Plots further confirmed the high reliability of the area ratio, MCs mean signal intensity and MCs total signal intensity measurements.


DESIGN: Prospective cohort study from 1992 to 2004 Assessment of

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study from 1992 to 2004. Assessment of the relationship between employment in different departments and TB incidence was expressed by relative risk (RR), which was calculated using the annual TB incidence in the population of Serbia as the baseline rate.

RESULTS: A total of 24 HCWs developed OICR-9429 molecular weight active TB in the study period. The mean incidence rate was 413.2 per 100000 persons (RR = 12.2) for hospital staff in the pulmonary department and 20.3/100000 (RR = 0.6) for other departments. Nurses and technicians were at 7.8 times higher risk of developing TB than

doctors. The mean working period before the onset of illness was 1.5.1 years (95%CI 5.1-25.1) for HCWs in pulmonary departments and 8.1. years (95%CI 4.6-11.6) in non-pulmonary departments (P = 0.006).

CONCLUSION: SB-715992 price This study indicates that HCWs were at an increased risk of TB, most likely from nosocomial transmission in high-risk departments.”
“Photodynamic therapy is a novel therapeutic approach for eradicating

pathogenic bacteria in periodontal disease. Inactivation of microorganisms using photodynamic therapy has been defined as either antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT), photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) or photodynamic disinfection.

The use of aPDT requires a non-toxic photosensitizer, harmless visible light and oxygen. The photosensitizer binds to targeted bacteria and then can be activated by light of the appropriate wavelength

in the presence of oxygen. Photoinactivation of bacteria is tightly restricted to the localization of the photosensitizer, ensuring the protection of distant cells from side-effects. Because of the fact that conventional treatment such as scaling and root planing (SRP) does not completely eliminate periodontal pathogens, especially in deep periodontal pockets, aPDT may be considered to be an alternative therapeutic strategy. This article describes the mechanism of aPDT and novel approaches such as nanoparticles. The aim of the study was to review the literature concerning the assessment of P505-15 purchase the effectiveness of aPDT in periodontitis treatment. Although studies have not indicated the superiority of aPDT compared to conventional periodontitis treatment, antimicrobial photodynamic treatment has been reported to be effective as an adjunct to conventional therapy to destroy bacteria in sites where there is limited access for mechanical instrumentation.”
“Aims We evaluated effects of BoNT-A injections on bladder function and histomorphology in a male-rat-overactive-bladder model, created by partial urethral obstruction.”
“OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether trends in tuberculosis (TB) rates across Europe are linked to patterns of migration.

Only five (10%) of the rickettsia-positive cases evaluated by IFA

Only five (10%) of the rickettsia-positive cases evaluated by IFA

were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. Rickettsia helvetica, Rickettsia slovaca, and Rickettsia raoultii infection appear to be prevalent in Slovakia. Furthermore, Coxiella burnetii, Borrelia and, for the first time, Bartonella elisabethae were confirmed in Slovakia.”
“Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the clinical effectiveness of snapshot inversion recovery (SNAPIR), which is a dedicated optimized inversion-recovery-prepared single-shot fast spin-echo T1-weighted sequence, in the delineation of normal fetal Nutlin-3a molecular weight brain anatomy compared with that of the currently used T1-weighted gradient-echo protocol, which often yields images of poor quality due to motion artifacts and inadequate contrast.

Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the hospital research ethics committee, and informed written consent was obtained from all patients. Forty-one fetuses were examined at 19-37 weeks gestation (mean, 29 weeks gestation) by using

both the standard T1-weighted protocol and the optimized T1-weighted SNAPIR protocol with a 1.5-T imager. Two independent blinded observers performed qualitative analysis, evaluating overall diagnostic quality, detailed anatomic delineation, and severity of motion artifacts. Quantitative analysis comprised calculation of contrast ratios (CRs) for the cortical gray ITF2357 nmr matter, subplate, white matter, and cerebrospinal fluid. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare image rating scores, the paired JPH203 price t test was used to compare CRs, and kappa statistics were used to test interobserver agreement.

Results: Both overall diagnostic quality (P < .001) and detailed anatomic delineation (P < .001) were enhanced with SNAPIR compared with the standard T1-weighted acquisition. Also, motion artifacts were less severe (P = .008) and less extensive (P < .001) with SNAPIR. Corresponding CRs were increased with

SNAPIR in seven of eight examined regions.

Conclusion: SNAPIR is a promising robust alternative to the current T1-weighted acquisitions; its role in the detection of disease requires further study. (C) RSNA, 2010″
“Introduction: Discordance between blood pressure (BP) measurement methods can occur and create ambiguity. New automated office BP monitors (AOBPs) are widely available, but their role is presently unclear. The objectives of this study are to quantify concordance among BP measurement methods and to define the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of AOBPs in a population of hypertensive patients.

Methods: The office mercury sphygmomanometer, the AOBP, an ambulatory BP monitor (ABPM), and home self-measurement with an automatic device were compared in a randomized, crossover study.