Here we demonstrate
a low-temperature vapor-assisted solution process to construct polycrystalline perovskite thin films with full surface coverage, small surface roughness, and grain size up to microscale. Solar cells based on the as-prepared films achieve high power conversion efficiency of 12.1%, so far the highest efficiency based on CH3NH3PbI3 with the planar heterojunction configuration. This method provides a simple approach to perovskite film preparation and paves the way for high reproducibility of films and devices. The underlying kinetic and thermodynamic parameters regarding the perovskite film growth are discussed as well.”
“Background/Aims: The effect of hepatocellular cancer (HCC) in patients transplanted for hepatitis B and D virus (HB/DV) cirrhosis is not well studied. Our aim was to study the long-term check details survival outcomes of patients who underwent liver transplantation for HB/DV cirrhosis with and without HCC.\n\nMethodology: A total of 231 primary, adult, single-organ liver transplants were performed from 1990 to 2007. HB/DV was the cause of cirrhosis in 36 patients. Nine patients died during the first 3 postoperative months from surgical complications. The study group comprised the remaining 27 patients.
The median follow-up was 1515 days.\n\nResults: OICR-9429 The mean patient survival was 3760 days (95% CI: 3013-4507). Six patients were diagnosed with HCC. The mean patient survival was 3011 days (95% CI: 2344-3679) and 4036 days (95% CI: 3002-5070) for recipients without and with HCC, respectively. For the same groups, the incidence of microbial infections was 61.9% and 33.3%, respectively
(p=0.219). HCC has not recurred in any of the six patients.\n\nConclusions: The mean long-term survival after liver transplantation for HB/DV and HCC surpassed 11 years. The superior survival of HCC patients is difficult to explain. The increased number (almost double) of microbial infections in the non-HCC population might be held accountable.”
“Background: The effectiveness of short-term 3,5,3′-triiodothyroacetic acid (TRIAC) therapy for the treatment of hyperthyroidism caused by thyroid hormone resistance (RTH) has been selleck kinase inhibitor documented. Here, we report a 3-year course of TRIAC therapy in an RTH boy, with a quantitative evaluation of the therapeutic effects and pharmacological study of TRIAC.\n\nPatient findings: The gene encoding the thyroid hormone receptor beta (THRB) of the patient carries a P453T mutation. During treatment with up to 3.0mg TRIAC per day, reduction in the thyroid volume, resolution of supraventricular arrhythmia, and decrease in thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free-thyroxine (FT4) levels were achieved. In addition, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms improved, with a concomitant decline in the ADHD Rating Scale score.